1–10. Army training and leader development
a. All training and leader development actions occur within the Army culture, a culture which embraces values and ethics, the Warrior Ethos, standards, and enduring principles and imperatives. Army training strategies serve to synchronize the role each training domain plays in building force readiness.
(1) Training is what the Army does every day. Training builds confidence and competence, while providing essential skills and knowledge - resulting in unit readiness. Unit commanders are responsible for scheduling and conducting training.
(2) Leader development is the deliberate, continuous, sequential, and progressive process - founded in Army values - that grows Soldiers and Army Civilians into competent and confident leaders capable of decisive action. Leader development is achieved through the life-long synthesis of the knowledge, skills, and experiences gained through the training and education opportunities in the institutional, operational, and self-development domains. The Army Leader Development Model, founded in doctrinal products (ADRP 7–0), portrays the interaction among three separate but overlapping training domains (operational, institutional and self-development) that must be synchronized in order to achieve the goal of trained Soldiers, Army Civilians, leaders, and ready units. For additional information on the Army Leader Development Model, see doctrinal products (ADRP 7–0).
b. Details on these strategies are based on a general division of responsibilities and outlined in the Army Training Strategy and the Leader Development Training Strategy.
a. Commanders emphasize individual Soldier training in support of METL training by allocating dedicated training
time for NCOs using sergeant’s training time. The sergeant’s training time recognizes the NCO’s primary role in
conducting individual, crew, and small team training. The sergeant’s training time develops junior leaders and builds
b. Sergeant’s training time requires dedicated time on the training schedule and must be planned, resourced, rehearsed, and executed with no external distractions. NCOs select specific individual, crew, and small team tasks that support the unit’s METL, based on their training assessment and platoon leader guidance. Commanders approve the selected tasks, provide the resources, allocate time to prepare, and monitor the training.
The revised Army Combatives Program enhances unit readiness by building a Soldier’s personal courage, confidence and resiliency, and their situational responsiveness to close quarter threats in the operational environment. The strategy builds on familiarization training on combatives skills during IMT, followed by reinforcement and basic combatives certification as part of the annual Army Warrior Tasks (AWT / STP 21–1) requirement, then progresses to advanced combative skills trained over time in unit training programs as required. Every Soldier should experience the physical and emotional demands of hand-to-hand fighting prior to engaging in combat. Combatives training is a fundamental building block for preparing Soldiers for current and future operations and must be an integral part of every Soldier’s life.
AWT maintains Soldier proficiency through the performance of WTBDs and supports the unit’s METL. The WTBD are geared toward the operating environment and lessons learned. All Soldiers must be ready to fight and complete the mission by applying the skills learned through the fundamentals of WTBD. Proficiency in WTBD is enhanced through the execution of tasks in the following categories; shoot, move, communicate, survive and adapt. The AWT is integrated into the unit collective training strategy throughout the training year.
a. Immediate, far-forward medical care is essential on a widely dispersed and fluid battlefield to prevent Soldiers
from dying of wounds. Medical personnel may not be able to reach and apply lifesaving measures to all wounded
Soldiers in a timely manner. The combat lifesaver (CLS) is a non-medical Soldier trained to provide lifesaving
measures beyond the level of self-aid or buddy-aid. A properly trained CLS is capable of stabilizing many types of
casualties and can slow the deterioration of a wounded Soldier’s condition until medical personnel arrive. Functioning
as a combat lifesaver is a secondary mission undertaken when the tactical situation permits.
(1) Each squad, crew, or equivalent-sized deployable unit will have at least one member certified as a CLS. CLSs must be recertified every 12 months at unit level.
(2) Corps, divisions, and brigades will implement CLS training within their commands and designate a staff surgeon responsible for supervising their CLS programs. The primary instructor will be a medical NCO, 68W, current in CLS certification. Course information can be found on the Combat Lifesaver website https://www.us.army.mil/suite/files/ 30315325.
(3) Units without qualifying medical personnel will request training instructor support from the next higher command surgeon or local medical treatment facility.
(4) Student and instructor materials for units and organizations are printed by the ATSC and shipped to the primary instructor. Unit training managers are not authorized to augment correspondence course material or change the length of the course. Training and testing will be conducted in accordance with the tasks, conditions, and standards established by MEDCOM; or, in the case of USASOC personnel, established by the USASOC DCS, Surgeon.
b. Proof of CLS course completion will be placed in the Soldier’s MPF in accordance with AR 600–8–104. Soldiers who successfully complete CLS in IMT will be issued certificates of training in accordance with this regulation and awarded course credit in ATRRS.
c. Unit personnel are not authorized to increase or delete items contained in the CLS aid bag. As an exception, USASOC surgeons are authorized to modify items contained in First Responder aid bags, in accordance with validated mission requirements and with approval of the USASOC DCS, Surgeon. All Class VIII supplies and materials required for combat lifesaver training will be requisitioned through normal supply channels.
Water Survival Training is a commander’s tool for measuring the ability of Soldiers to safely perform their duties in and around water hazards and also to identify individuals that lack the skill to swim or survive should they become involved in an incident involving a water hazard during the conduct of operations. While not required, commanders could consider identifying non-swimmers per TC 21–21, supplementing local regulations, directives, and standard operating procedures (SOP). Establish a method in unit SOP to visibly identify non-swimmers. Record water survival training on the Soldier’s ITR.
Ref. AR 350-1Top